React: Pitch & anti-pitch

Author Mileta Dulovic

Mileta Dulovic

React is a widely-used front-end framework that has been gaining a lot of popularity in recent years. It provides developers with a powerful set of tools and features to build dynamic and responsive user interfaces. However, as with any technology, React has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, which must be considered before deciding to use it in a project. In this post, we will take an in-depth look at both the positive and negative aspects of React, to help you make an informed decision about whether it's the right choice for your next project.

The Pitch:

  1. Virtual DOM for high performance: One of the key benefits of React is its virtual DOM, which allows it to update the user interface efficiently. This results in fast and responsive applications that offer a smooth user experience. The virtual DOM acts as an intermediary layer between the actual DOM and the React code, allowing React to make changes to the UI without having to update the HTML DOM directly. This results in faster and more efficient updates, which are particularly important in applications with large amounts of data.
  2. Reusable components: React's component-based architecture is another advantage that makes it an excellent choice for building large-scale applications. Components are self-contained units of code that can be easily shared and reused across different parts of an application. This helps to keep the code organized and maintainable, making it easier to develop and maintain complex user interfaces.
  3. Strong community: React has a large and active community of developers, who are constantly working on improving the framework and creating new tools and libraries. This means that developers can benefit from a wealth of resources, such as tutorials, online forums, and third-party libraries, which can help them to build better applications faster. The strong community also ensures that React is constantly evolving and improving, so developers can be confident that they are using a framework that is well-supported and up-to-date.
  4. Easy to learn: React has a simple syntax, making it an accessible choice for both beginner and experienced developers. Its component-based architecture also makes it easier to understand and use, as developers can build user interfaces by composing components together, rather than writing complex HTML and CSS. This makes React a great choice for developers who are new to front-end development or looking for a more straightforward framework.
  5. Versatile and scalable: React can be used to build a wide range of applications, from simple single-page apps to complex and scalable web applications. It also integrates well with other technologies, such as Node.js and GraphQL, which makes it easy to build full-stack applications. This versatility and scalability make React a great choice for any type of project, whether you're building a small single-page app or a large and complex web application.

The Anti-Pitch:

  1. Steep learning curve: Although React is relatively easy to learn, it can be challenging to master, especially if you're new to front-end development. React has a lot of concepts and features that must be understood and used correctly, such as state and props, lifecycle methods, and hooks. This steep learning curve can be a barrier for some developers, who may prefer a more straightforward and easier-to-learn framework.
  2. Unpredictable updates and breaking changes: React is under active development and subject to frequent updates and changes. While these updates can bring new features and improvements, they can also introduce breaking changes that can disrupt existing applications and require significant time and effort to resolve. This can be a concern for developers who need stability and predictability in their application development and maintenance processes.
  3. Lack of structure: React is a flexible framework, which means that it can be used in many different ways. However, this flexibility can also lead to a lack of structure and consistency in the codebase, as different developers may have different approaches to building components and organizing their code. This can make it difficult to maintain the code and make changes to the application, especially as it grows in size and complexity.
  4. Large bundle size: React applications can become quite large, especially when using third-party libraries and dependencies. This can result in a larger bundle size, which can slow down the application's performance, especially on mobile devices with limited processing power. This can be a concern for developers who are looking to build fast and responsive applications and may require careful consideration when choosing which libraries and dependencies to include in the application.
  5. Steep requirements: React also requires a certain level of technical knowledge and understanding, especially when it comes to building complex applications. This can make it difficult for developers who are new to front-end development or who lack experience with JavaScript and other related technologies.


React is a powerful and versatile front-end framework that offers many benefits for building high-performance and dynamic user interfaces. However, it also has its own set of challenges, including a steep learning curve, poor documentation, and a lack of structure, which must be considered when deciding whether to use it in a project. Before making a decision, it's important to weigh the benefits and drawbacks of React and to carefully consider whether it's the right choice for your specific needs and requirements.